The Citylife team has collected the information below via intense research in collaboration with Proyecto Océano, one of Madrid’s most known legal associations. Please keep in mind that we are not directly related to any legal or government departments and the information may be subject to change.
[Pincha aquí para la versión en español]
If you’re not from Spain, but are living or planning on moving here, then you will most likely need to have at least one of the following documents. You might be aware that most foreigners need a visa to live abroad, but there are even more documents required to live, study and work legally whilst in Spain. If you’re just starting and need more information on applying for a Spanish visa, we have covered the basics of this process here.
Meanwhile, in this article we will outline everything you need to know about the NIE/TIE, Empadronamiento, and Social Security Number.
What is the Difference Between These Legal Documents?
The Empadronamiento is an official document stating where you live. This will make you a citizen of the city in which you reside, and will be needed in many cases (especially if you are not a citizen of the EU or equivalent) to apply for any other paperwork like the TIE etc. To learn more about this document and how to apply, click here.
– NIE: The “Número de Identidad de Extranjero” is the number of identification assigned to any non-Spaniard who lives in Spain. It is necessary to carry out any procedures with administration services, to contract products and services, and ultimately to provide your identity number. EU citizens (or equivalent*) might need to apply for the NIE depending on their specific circumstance in Spain.
– TIE: The “Tarjeta de Identidad de Extranjero” is the identity card that all citizens of Non EU member countries have to apply for once they arrive in Spain. This identity card will contain a photo in addition to your NIE proving your identity and recognizing you legally. So as a Non EU citizen you will need to apply for the TIE once in Spain, not the NIE!
To read more about each document, their differences and how to apply, click here.
Social Security Number
Which Documents do you Need to Apply for?
We’ve created the chart below to help you determine which of these documents you actually need to apply for to live in Spain legally. A few of the basic criteria for these documents include:
- If you are from an EU-member country or not
- The length of your stay in Spain
- The purpose of your stay in Spain:
- Studies / unpaid internship
- Work / paid internship
- If you have carried out operations with tax repercussions
If you are a citizen of the European Union or equivalent*, click here to find out what to do next. If you are a Non-EU citizen or equivalent*, please check here and follow the instructions. If your situation is still unclear, please feel free to complete the form below and we will do our help to help you clarify your situation.
Application Pitfalls to be Aware of
Local registrations in Spain tend to be very complex & confusing especially due to language barriers, incomplete & contradicting information online as well as the constant absence of online appointments. Over the years we have witnessed these complications faced by applicants, so we know exactly what frustration and stress it tends to create and what it means to you personally.
That’s why we created a brand called MTS Relocation Spain, a specialized provider in relocation and legal topics.
If you would like to avoid a bumpy start of your Madrid experience, get in touch with MTS. This way you get your NIE/TIE, Empadronamiento or Social Security Number processed on time and without hassle. There are also discounted rates for international students available! Click here for more information!
To this day we at Citylife Madrid and MTS are proud of our 100% satisfaction rate from our clients. Which is why we can assure you, without a doubt, that we will be able to help you as well.
Do you have other legal questions/topics you need assistance with?
Please fill out the form below and your query will be sent to us as well as to our friends at Proyecto Océano, one of Madrid’s most known legal associations, who are also here to help you out! Please note: By sending the form below, you automatically agree that we can forward your data to Proyecto Océano as well as MTS Relocation Spain.